The Quince, Cydonia oblonga is a small fruit-bearing tree in the Rose family, native to Armenia and western Asia. It is in bloom from April through June and ripens in September. In warm climates, it can be grown as a hedge or small tree with a dense crown with dark green oval leaves long and broad, with a serrated margin.
The trees are often grown for their attractive pink or white blossoms and distinct fruit. The fruit is not related to the apple but it does resemble a pear or an elongated apple, both in shape and taste. The fruit has a higher pectin content than apples and a very high vitamin C content. This fruit is easy to preserve, making it a popular snack during the winter months, as well as lending itself to many culinary uses. Quince jelly is also widely used as an ingredient in pâtés and sausage or duck liver mousse, complementing the taste of the slightly gamey meat.
Quince is one of the oldest cultivated fruit trees in temperate regions, grown mainly for its edible fruit. It was known to the Greeks as pyron and to the Romans as mala, but despite this, it appears that it was not widely cultivated in Europe until the end of antiquity when Syrian cultivars were introduced along with quinces preserved in honey. They were well known to gardeners by the 17th century, when John Parkinson recorded twenty-seven varieties under the heading "Paradies-appel" (paradise apple) and described them as "hath a goodly smell in his uncut hoofd , almost like Muske, but in his full ripeness he tasteth much like a Quince".
The Japanese quince, Chaenomeles speciosa, is the only other species in genus Cydonia and can be found natively from western China to Korea. It is not often seen cultivated, though it does fruit fairly reliably even if not heavily pruned.
The quince tree is one of the smallest trees in cultivation, usually growing no more than 12-15 feet tall with a width of about 9 feet, though specimens exceeding 20 feet have been reported. It makes an attractive ornamental due to its pink blossoms and yellow-variegated leaves appearing before the leaves of most other fruit trees. It is also noted for attracting wildlife, and fruits in autumn.
One of the seven, fast-growing major economies in the world today is Turkey. It ranks third with regard to total crop production around the world. The top three leading countries are in Asia. Turkey is at the top followed by China and Uzbekistan in third place. Morocco, Iran, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Spain, Serbia, and Algeria are the other countries in the top ten in terms of crop production.
Global quince production
Global quince production has been on the decline in recent years, due in part to declining demand from key markets such as China. However, production is still significant in a number of countries, including Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan. In addition, quince is grown commercially in a number of other countries around the world, including Chile, Argentina, and the United States.
Quince production is highest in Turkey, Iran, and Russia. Other quince-producing countries include Italy, Greece, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and the United States. In the United States, California produces the most quince.
Turkey is the world's largest quince producer, with an annual output of about 44 thousand metric tons. Iran is the second-largest producer of quince, with an annual production of about 29 thousand metric tons. Russia is the third-largest quince producer, with an annual production of about 19 thousand metric tons.
Other quince-producing countries include Italy, Greece, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and the United States. In the United States, California produces the most quince. Quince is a member of the rose family and is closely related to apples and pears. The fruit is round or pear-shaped, with a thick yellow skin. Quince has a tart flavor and is used in pies, jams, jellies, and preserves. It can also be eaten raw.
The quince is a deciduous tree that is native to Asia. It is closely related to the apple and pear, and its fruit is used in a variety of ways, including as a food and as an ingredient in cosmetics and medicines. The tree grows to a height of about 15 meters (50 feet) and has a spreading crown. The leaves are Alternate, simple, and oblong-elliptical in shape with toothed margins. The flowers are white or pinkish-white, and the fruit is a pome that is yellow or green when ripe.
Global production of quince has declined in recent years, due in part to declining demand from key markets such as China. However, production is still significant in a number of countries, including Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan. In addition, quince is grown commercially in a number of other countries around the world, including Chile, Argentina, and the United States.
The quince is an important tree in many cultures. In Turkey, the quince is known as the "fruit of paradise" and is often given as a gift to newlyweds. In Iran, the tree is known as the "tree of life" and is believed to have medicinal properties. The quince is also an important part of Greek mythology, and the fruit is said to have been a favorite of the goddess Aphrodite.