Grapefruit Grapefruit, sometimes referred to as pomelo, is a type of citrus fruit belonging to the Rutaceae family. The tree produces edible fruit of the same name. Most certainly grapefruit originated in Barbados as a hybrid of Citrus granadis. Before it got popular in the American mainland, it gained popularity as a snack fruit in the islands of the West Indies. It become a very famous breakfast fruit in many countries around the world and quickly began to be cultivated in various countries well known for citrus production such as Israel, South Africa, Cyprus, the United State, and Brazil.
The fruit is an excellent source of various vitamins and minerals but most importantly it is a great source of vitamin C. It contains more vitamin C than many other citrus fruits and is exceeded only by the lemon and orange.
The grapefruit tree is quite similar to the orange tree and may reach up to 6 meters high. It creates dense foliage with dark, shiny leaves that almost have no plant hairs. It creates large, white flowers which are commonly borne as singular but sometimes may occur in clusters in the axils of the leaves. Most grapefruit varieties are yellow or yellowish-orange when ripen. The fruit may reach up to 150 mm in diameter but its size is strongly dependent on the species and cultivation methods as well as growing conditions. The fruit has a very juicy, tender pulp in yellowish color. It has a mild acidic flavor. Some varieties produce fruits with pulp red or pink.
The trees grow best in warm climates on sandy relatively fertile soils. All producing areas require additional fertilization, especially in the early production stages. The grapefruit tree comes to produce fruit quite early and usually begins to produce profitable commercial crops by the six years after planting. Each mature tree is expected to produce up to 657 kg of grapefruits.
China is the leading producer of grapefruit with approximately 5056331 metric tonnes produced each year. The second-largest production is observed in Vietnam with 657660 metric tonnes produced annually. The third-largest producer of grapefruit is the USA with 558830 metric tonnes produced yearly.
Global grapefruit production
In 2016, global production of grapefruit was estimated at 8.6 million tonnes, down from 9.2 million tonnes in 2015. The majority of grapefruit production takes place in the United States, Brazil, and China.
The United States is the largest producer of grapefruit in the world, with an annual production of 3.4 million tonnes in 2016. Brazil is the second largest producer, with an annual production of 2.6 million tonnes. China is the third largest producer, with an annual production of 1.9 million tonnes.
Grapefruit is a popular fruit that is rich in vitamins and antioxidants. It is often eaten fresh or juiced. Grapefruit juice is a popular drink and is often used in cocktails. Grapefruit is grown in warm climates around the world. The fruit is harvested from December to April in the Northern Hemisphere and from June to November in the Southern Hemisphere.
The United States is the largest exporter of grapefruit, with an export value of $846 million in 2016. Brazil is the second largest exporter, with an export value of $713 million. China is the third largest exporter, with an export value of $457 million. The majority of grapefruit exports go to the United States, Canada, and Europe. Japan is also a significant importer of grapefruit.
Grapefruit is a nutritious and delicious fruit that can be enjoyed fresh, juiced, or in cocktails. The United States, Brazil, and China are the largest producers of grapefruit in the world. Grapefruit is exported to many countries around the world including the United States, Canada, Europe, and Japan.