Grape Grape is a type of fruit that grows tight in clusters produced by the grapevine that belongs to the Vitaceus family and the Vitis sort. It is usually cultivated in a form of shrubs. This climbing plant may reach up to 17 meters in high if it's not properly taken care of. The plant creates alternate, lobulated leaves that are characterized by five main veins which may differ depending on the cultivar and species. Fruit is created from small flowers that form thigh clusters that turn into berries. The fruit is available in both white or purple flesh, which is characterized by its sweet flavor. Grape is usually eaten raw or used to produce juice, preserves as well as fermented and used to produce wine. It is an excellent source of various minerals and antioxidants as well as anti-carcinogenic compounds.
The fruit are laxavite and diuretic. They are especially recommended in many cases of weak immunology or various cases of body weaknesses. They may prevent osteoporosis and are great for depurate blood. Their healing purposes have been known for centuries.
Grapes are juicy, fleshy fruits with sweet pulp. They contain several seeds inside. They are usually mixed with other fruit in fruit salads or just eaten raw as a snack. They are also a main ingredient of wine and are mostly associated with this beverage. Grape seeds are also used to produce grape seed oil. Its clusters are often dried in order to produce raisins. Grapes are also used to produce many kinds of preservers such as juice, jelly, jam, syrup, and more.
They are an excellent source of minerals and vitamins. Grapes provide carbohydrates and they are quite low in calories. They are a source of resveratrol, which is a well-known antioxidant and an anti-carcinogenic compound.
According to various sources, up to 74276583 tonnes of this fruit is produced each year worldwide. The largest producer of this fruit is China, accounting for almost 17% of the total global production. The second-largest production takes place in Italy with approximately 11% of the world’s production. The third-largest producer of grapes is the USA.
Global grape production
According to the International Organization for Vine and Wine (OIV), global grape production totaled 64.7 million metric tons in 2016, down 1.8% from the previous year's record level. The majority of the world's grapes are used for wine production, with fresh grapes accounting for a smaller share.
The top five grape-producing countries in 2016 were Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China. Together, these five countries accounted for over 60% of global grape production.
Italy is the world's leading producer of grapes, with 18.9 million metric tons in 2016. The country is home to many of the world's most popular wine regions, including Tuscany, Veneto, and Piedmont.
Spain is the second largest producer of grapes, with 18.5 million metric tons in 2016. The country is renowned for its Tempranillo and Garnacha grape varieties, which are used to produce some of the world's most celebrated wines.
France is the third largest producer of grapes, with 9.5 million metric tons in 2016. The country is home to many of the world's most prestigious wine regions, including Bordeaux, Burgundy, and Champagne.
The United States is the fourth largest producer of grapes, with 8.9 million metric tons in 2016. The country's wine regions are located in California, Washington, Oregon, and New York.
China is the fifth largest producer of grapes, with 8.6 million metric tons in 2016. The country's wine regions are located in the provinces of Shandong, Hebei, Henan, and Xinjiang.
Global grape production is forecast to reach 66.5 million metric tons in 2017, an increase of 2.8% from the previous year. The majority of the world's grapes are used for wine production, with fresh grapes accounting for a smaller share.