Frog The Edible Frog (Pelophylax cretensis) is a species of frog found across Europe that is also known as the Common Water Frog and the Green Frog. The Edible Frog is a hybrid of two other European Frogs, the Pool Frog and Marsh Frog, which bred when isolated populations were brought together during the Ice Ages.
It is a semi-aquatic frog and so prefers habitats with both land and water, such as ponds, lakes, marshes, and flooded ditches. The Edible Frog eats invertebrates such as small fish, worms, wading birds, and insects that it finds on the surface of the water or within its grassy surroundings.
Edble Frogs breed in the Spring and lay their eggs in clumps on water plants. Their tadpoles feed off of aquatic vegetation during their early development, eventually developing lungs and leaving the water as juvenile Edible Frogs.
Edible frogs live in ponds, marshes, ditches and slow-moving streams. They eat aquatic invertebrates such as fish, worms and insects along with wading birds. They breed in the spring and lay eggs in clumps on water plants. The tadpoles feed off of aquatic vegetation during their early development, eventually developing lungs and leaving the water as juvenile Edible Frogs.
This species is found across Europe but has been classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN Red List since 2002. Though there is still currently no evidence of the Edible Frog being under threat, a large drop in numbers has been recorded in some areas, particularly northern France and around the Alps where they have not been seen for decades. The exact causes of their disappearance from these locations are unknown but many fear that climate change may be playing a factor.
The male Edible Frog croaks loudly to attract the attention of female frogs during mating season which is between March and May. The eggs are laid in water where they soon hatch into tadpoles that live off algae until they grow their adult legs and lungs, at about six weeks old.
The Edible Frog gets its name from the fact that it was once considered a popular meal in parts of Europe. It is now protected under Schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
Global frog production
Frog production is a big business worldwide. According to the World Wildlife Fund, frogs are among the most commonly traded animals in the global wildlife trade, with an estimated 1.2 million to 1.8 million frogs being traded annually.
The majority of these frogs are caught in the wild and then sold to be used as food or for dissection in classrooms. However, a significant number of frogs are also raised in captivity for these same purposes.
There are a number of reasons why frog production is such a big business. For one, frogs are relatively easy to catch and transport. They are also small, so they take up less space than other animals used for food or dissection.
Frogs are also popular because they are considered a delicacy in some cultures. In many parts of Asia, for example, frogs are commonly eaten. And in Europe and North America, frog legs are considered a gourmet food item.
Finally, frogs are used in a variety of medical research projects. Their unique physiology makes them ideal candidates for studying a number of different diseases and medical conditions.