Solanum capsicoides is a herbaceous, evergreen shrub that typically grows to 1-2 m in height, but can reach 3 m under favorable growing conditions. The leaves are 2.5–8 cm long and 0.7-3 cm broad, simple, ovate to oblong or lanceolate with a slightly wavy margin and an acute apex. The leaves are green to yellowish-green in color and paired or clustered on short stems along the main stem of the plant.
Inflorescences (clusters of flowers) are 2–7 cm long with a highly branched appearance. The individual flowers are small, approximately 1–2 cm in diameter, with five petals which are yellow to orange. The fruit of S. capsicoides is a berry that is typically spherical or pear-shaped, up to 6 cm long, white, greenish, or yellow when unripe, and red when ripe.
The species is a herbaceous, flowering plant with stems up to 0.5 m long. The leaves are alternate, ovate-lanceolate, 3–15 cm long, and 1–6 cm broad, with an entire margin and an acuminate apex. The flowers are white or purple corymbs of flowers 2–3 cm in diameter. The fruit is a pod 4–8 cm long and 2–3 mm broad, containing numerous seeds.
Solanum capsicoides have been introduced to many regions of the world for their medicinal uses as traditional medicine or use in agriculture. For example, the plant has been used to treat cancer, ringworm, and corns in China. In North America, Australia, and the Caribbean it is often used as a "green manure" to increase soil nitrogen content or as a companion plant to deter pests from nearby crops.
In some locations such as Gauteng Province of South Africa S. capsicoides has become naturalized and invasive. It has not yet been reported in the United States, but it is considered invasive in Mexico and Hawaii.
Solanum capsicoides is used for several medicinal purposes throughout its introduced range. In traditional medicine, the plant is used for stomach aches, tuberculosis, cancer, hypertension, ear infections, ringworm, corns on feet or hands, and skin wounds. S. capsicoides has anti-inflammatory properties which can aid in the treatment of prostate cancer or fungicidal activity against certain strains of Candida albicans, a species of yeast responsible for yeast infections.
Global cockroach berry production
Cockroach berries are native to tropical regions of Asia and Africa. They have been introduced to other parts of the world, including the Caribbean, where they have become an important part of the local cuisine.
Cockroach berries are small, dark-colored fruits that grow on bushes or trees. The fruit is about the size of a grape and has thin, edible skin. The flesh of the fruit is sweet and juicy, with a slightly bitter taste.
The berries are harvested when they are ripe and then either eaten fresh or used in recipes. Cockroach berries can be made into jams, jellies, and pies. They can also be dried and ground into a powder that is used as a flavoring for food.
Global production of cockroach berries is believed to be around 10,000 tonnes per year. The vast majority of the fruit is grown in Africa, with smaller amounts produced in Asia and the Caribbean.
Cockroach berries are a good source of vitamins A and C, as well as antioxidants. They are also a good source of dietary fiber. The fruit has been used medicinally for centuries and is believed to have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral properties. Cockroach berries are also said to be helpful in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery.