Of the many houseplants available at garden centers, few can compare to the beauty of philodendrons. And no other philodendron demonstrates this beauty more than the xanadu. The xanadu is one of my favorite philodendrons. It has bright green, shiny leaves with distinct veins and a unique lobed shape. The xanadu is often wider than it is tall, reaching a height of 2-4ft. and a width of 3-5ft in ideal conditions. The leaves of this beautiful, exotic-looking foliage plant can be as large as 16″-18″ long and 7″-14″ wide.
When growing xanadu, make sure to give it plenty of room for its roots. Xanadus are heavy feeders, so fertilize every two weeks during the spring and summer with liquid 20-20-20 or something similar. Make sure that your liquid fertilizer contains micronutrients and calcium (in the form of calcium nitrate). Xanadu roots are very susceptible to nutrient deficiencies, and will not recover if deficiencies occur.
The xanadu is a fairly low-maintenance houseplant; however, it does have some problems that you should be aware of. The most common problem with the xanadu is root rot. Make sure to keep your xanadu's soil constantly moist and in a pot with drainage holes. Also, make sure that your plant is not sitting in stagnant water — this will also cause root rot.
Another common problem with the xanadu is dropping leaves. If you notice that some or most of the older leaves are falling off, you should reduce the amount of water you are giving your plant. The xanadu's leaves will naturally die if it is not watered enough. However, if a leaf or two drops at a time and you know that your plant has been watered properly, then chances are good that insects may be attacking the leaf (note: very few insects bother with philodendrons).
If you think that your xanadu may have a problem, the best thing to do is to search online or in a gardening book for possible solutions. You can also take a sample of the plant with you when purchasing pesticides at your local garden center. The people working there will be able to tell you whether or not the specific product you want will work with your plant.
Of all houseplants, philodendrons make some of the best choices for hanging baskets. If you choose to hang your xanadu (which is recommended if you have a tall ceiling and would like to bring the plant down), be sure that it is given a large enough pot. Also, add coarse material such as pebbles or broken clay pots to the bottom of your hanging basket before putting in the soil and xanadu. This will help with drainage.
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