A potato chip is made from raw potatoes that have been sliced thin, fried until crisp, and then seasoned with salt or other spices. They are typically eaten as a snack, side dish, or appetizer. Potato chips are commercially prepared by the food industry and fried in oil for crispness. A potato chip is very thin slices of potato that have been fried until they are hard, dry, and crisp, and are eaten cold as a snack.
A small portion of chips may also be used as a topping for various savory dishes such as baked potatoes and hot sandwiches. Potato chips are locally manufactured and sold by many companies, such as Pringles and Lay's. Potato chips are very thin slices of potato that have been fried until they are hard, dry, and crisp, and are eaten cold as a snack.
Potato chips can be mass-produced through one of two methods: wet or dry processing. In the wet process, potatoes are washed, peeled, and then chopped or sliced into the required shape (round, square, triangular), before being fried and seasoned. In the dry process, small potatoes are known as "red skins" are washed, sorted by size and shape, and fried whole in oil at a lower temperature for a longer time to make crisper chips. After frying, the chips are removed from the oil, flavored, and then dried (to remove excess oil).
Potato chips were invented by George Crum (1827- 1914), an American chef who worked at Moon's Lake House near Saratoga Springs, New York. Potato chips were first introduced to the public at the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. Noticing a trend of his restaurant patrons eating French fried potatoes with their fingers, Crum decided to try deep frying thin slices of potato and served them with a fork. The dish was originally called "Saratoga Chips" as they were first prepared at Moon's Lake House in Saratoga Springs, New York. In 1878, Crum's brother Matthew started a chip business in New London, Connecticut (Matthew was the first to remove the skin before frying), which would later become famous as "The Original Saratoga Chips". The potato chip quickly became popular with the public through word of mouth and various local merchants began to produce their own versions.
Crum was not the first person to prepare and sell fried potato slices, however his innovation created an explosion in potato chip popularity. Early recipes for potato chips were published in newspaper columns and cookbooks. Food manufacturers now produce most of the chips eaten in North America; at one time, consumers would have made them at home.
Potato chips are often served as a side dish or appetizer to main courses, such as hamburgers and hot dogs. They are also added to breakfast sandwiches and other savory dishes. They have been included in dishes from high-end restaurants, such as New York City's Gramercy Tavern's potato chips with blue cheese sauce.