Pomelo also spelled pummelo and commonly known under the name shaddock is a type of citrus tree that belongs to the Rutaceae family. It is very often cultivated for its edible, large, and sweet fruits of the same name. Pomelo is native to Southeast Asia and the Malaysian part of the island of Borneo. It was also introduced in West India. It is a very popular fruit in Asia where it is consumed raw or turned into various preservers such as candies, jam, marmalade, and more. Pummelo is one of the original citrus species which was a base to derive most commercial cultivars. For example, a grapefruit is a cross between sweet orange and pummelo.
Pummelo tree reaches up to 13 meters in height. It is characterized by evergreen leaves that are evergreen. The leaves have broadly winged leaf stems also known scientifically as petioles. They are downy on the surfaces so are the young shoots. The plant produces huge flowers that are white in color. The flowers turn into large round or spheroid, rarely pear-shaped, fruits that usually are lemon-yellow or green in color. The fruits are sweet and juicy. The pulp usually occurs in pink or pallid color and can be easily removed from the thick rind.
The fruit is an excellent source of many important nutrients and vitamins. It is extremely rich in vitamin C. The citrus fruit also contains thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin B6. It is quite rich in minerals such as potassium, phosphorus, copper, iron, magnesium, zinc, manganese, and calcium. It is relatively low in calories which mostly come from the carbs it contains. Pummelo is also a good source of dietary fiber and protein. It also contains several different antioxidants, substances that are very good for the body as they help to reduce the amount of free radicals in the organism.
The largest global producer of pummelo is China with almost 4662202 metric tonnes produced every year. The second-largest producer is the United States with 728000 metric tonnes produced yearly. The third-largest producer is Vietnam with up to 497288 metric tonnes produced annually.
Global pomelo production
The production of pomelo fruit is mainly concentrated in tropical and subtropical Asia, including China, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, and India. Pomelo is also grown in some other countries and regions in the world, such as Brazil, South Africa, the United States (Florida), etc.
In recent years, with the rapid development of the pomelo industry, the planting area and output of pomelo fruit have been increasing steadily. According to statistics, the global production of pomelo fruit reached 12.8 million tons in 2017, an increase of 2.3% compared with 2016.
China is the world's largest producer of pomelo fruit, with a production of 9.5 million tons in 2017, accounting for 74% of the world's total pomelo fruit production. Thailand is the second largest producer of pomelo fruit in the world, with a production of 1.6 million tons in 2017, accounting for 12.5% of the world's total pomelo fruit production.
The output of pomelo fruit in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, and India is relatively small, but it has been growing rapidly in recent years. Among them, the output of pomelo fruit in Vietnam increased from 100,000 tons in 2013 to 400,000 tons in 2017, with an annual average growth rate of 28.57%.
In addition to the above-mentioned countries, pomelo is also grown in some other countries and regions in the world, such as Brazil, South Africa, the United States (Florida), etc., but the output is relatively small.