Northern Red Oak Northern Red Oak has a wide range of soil types it can tolerate from shallow rocky soils to deep, moist, well-drained clay loams. It does not grow in acid or poorly-drained or excessively wet soil conditions. Northern Red Oak has a wide range of soil types it can tolerate from shallow rocky soils to deep, moist, well-drained clay loams. It does not grow in acid or poorly-drained or excessively wet soil conditions.
Northern Red Oak is a fast-growing tree and can reach heights of up to 90 feet tall. It has a short trunk and stout branches that often bend down toward the ground. Leaves are deciduous, alternate, simple, 2-5 inches long, and bright green with 7 to 9 lobes. They turn red in fall before they drop.
The bark is thin and gray-brown when young, it becomes thicker with age. The bark is broken into smallish blocks that are connected by shallow fissures. Twigs are reddish-brown to green in color with pale lenticels when young, turning black at maturity. Buds are reddish-brown and sticky.
Northern Red Oak is also called possum oak, red oak, black oak, and white oak. It is the only species of Quercus in North Carolina with rounded lobes on leaves, but it immediately starts to branch off into three species that have 7 to 9 sharp-pointed lobes: Pin Oak Quercus palustris - Swamp White Oak, Pin Oak Quercus ellipsoidalis - Southern Red Oak, Post Oak Quercus stellata - Spanish Oak
The acorns are 1/2 to 3/4 inches long. They are solitary or paired, oblong-ellipsoid in shape with a rounded apex, and scurfy pubescent at least on the inner surface. Acorn caps are up to one inch across that are bowl-shaped with hairy margins when young, later smooth margins. Acorn maturity is spread out, with some maturing in early summer and the rest maturing later in the autumn.
The value of the open habitat created by this tree for pheasants and other game birds has been well documented. The foliage is browsed occasionally by white-tailed deer but is not generally considered a preferred species. The bark on older trees has been damaged or removed during logging operations and the low branches are often broken by snow, ice, or wind.
The oaks are among the most magnificent of all trees and deserve greater appreciation and wider use. The oaks are among the most magnificent of all trees and deserve greater appreciation and wider use. The oaks are among the most magnificent of all trees and deserve greater appreciation and wider use.
Northern Red Oak is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 90 feet tall and is found throughout the Piedmont and mountain areas of NC. It commonly grows on mesic slopes and well-drained uplands, on lower and middle slopes, in coves, ravines or valley floors.
Global northern red oak production
It is estimated that the global production of northern red oak (Quercus rubra) in 2016 was 9.4 million cubic meters, with the United States accounting for the majority of production at 6.8 million cubic meters. Other major producers include Canada and China. The northern red oak is a popular timber species due to its strength, durability, and versatility. It is used in a variety of applications including furniture, flooring, cabinetry, and construction.
The northern red oak is native to North America and can be found in the eastern United States and Canada. It prefers to grow in moist, well-drained soils and is commonly found in mixed hardwood forests. The northern red oak is a slow-growing tree that can live to be over 200 years old. It is an important food source for wildlife, and its acorns are a favorite of squirrels and other small animals.
The northern red oak is threatened by a number of pests and diseases, including the gypsy moth, oak wilt, and Sudden Oak Death. These threats have resulted in a decline in the quality of timber production and have led to a decrease in the value of northern red oak lumber.