Nectarines are fruits that belong to the Rosaceae family. They are characterized by their soft and smooth skin and are similar to peaches in appearance. It is cultivated in many regions of the warmer temperate climates of both hemispheres.
Nectarine is native to the warmer regions of the temperate climate and shares many similarities with common peaches. It was mostly domesticated in China more than 4000 years ago, as a variety of peach, as the nectarine and peach treat are virtually indistinguishable. The only difference between these two fruits is the fact that nectarines lack the allele which is thought to be responsible for the lack of fuzzy skin of the fruit. Nectarines have bright red, yellow, or white flesh which is an excellent source of vitamins C and A. They are usually eaten raw as a healthy snack or turned into various kinds of preserves such as jellies, jams, or used in desserts for example in a form of pie stuffing. Nectarines are cultivated just like peaches. They grow best in well-drained gravelly or sandy soils that are rich in nitrogen.
They are low in calories and rich in dietary fiber. Nectarines are a great source of various kinds of vitamins, especially vitamin C and A as well as several important for the body minerals such as potassium, copper, and sodium. Nectarines also are a good source of protein and are characterized by their low glycemic index. They contain only simple carbs, mostly fructose but also glucose and sucrose. Simple sugars are burnt quickly by the body.
They are safe to eat for most as they rarely cause any allergic reactions. Nectarines eaten in large amounts may result in a phenomenon known as oral allergy syndrome. The symptoms include of itchy sensation in the mouth, swollen and numb lips, a scratchy throat, and a runny nose. The symptoms are not dangerous and most commonly no treatment is required.
Almost 25003345 metric tonnes of nectarines are produced globally each year. The leading producer of nectarines is China with almost 14469004 tonnes production volume per year. The second-largest producer of this fruit is Spain with almost 1529919 metric tonnes produced annually.