The hog plum is a small evergreen tree, usually 6 to 12 meters (20 to 40 feet) tall though it may occasionally reach 25 meters (80 feet). The leaves are simple, alternate, or spirally arranged, entire, 8 to 15 centimeters (3 to 6 inches) long and 3.5 to 5.5 cm (about 2 inches) wide, broadest near the center of the blade. The flowers are small and yellowish-green, produced in short panicles. The fruit is a drupe 1 to 2 centimeters (0.4 to 0.8 inches) in diameter, bearing a single seed enclosed in a hard endocarp with a thin, brittle, translucent coat when ripe. The fruit is consumed in a season by mammals and by birds which disperse the seeds.
The hog plum is native to Mexico, Central America, parts of South America, and the Caribbean. It has been introduced into many tropical areas of Asia and Africa where it is grown mainly for its fruits. Spondias purpurea is cultivated in the West Indies.
The fruit of Spondias mombin has been used for centuries in folk medicine to treat various ailments, including asthma, diarrhea, arthritis, and fever. Besides its use as food by humans, it may also be fed to animals such as goats to increase their milk production. It is often planted around homes and villages to control soil erosion.
Spondias mombin, commonly known as the hog plum or pommerac (French Guiana), Spanish cherry, or jocote de Guinea (Cuba), is a species of tree in the family Anacardiaceae. This species is native to northern South America and is widespread throughout much of the Amazon region as well as in Trinidad and Tobago
This plant is used for timber, food (the fruit), traditional medicine, and dye. It is an important canopy tree in tropical forests. The plant may be toxic to livestock.
The fruit, sometimes called ackee or akee, is consumed in many different forms: freshly cut, sun-dried, cooked as dumplings or fritters. The fruit flesh may be white, yellowish-red or pinkish-red depending on the species. When overripe it smells and tastes very unpleasant due to the high content of the fatty alcohol ethyl phenylacetate, which is also one of the ingredients in rancid butter.
This species has many common names because it is widely distributed over much of the Neotropics; e.g., hog plum is widely used in the English-speaking Caribbean. Other names for this species include pommerac (French Guiana), ciruelillo (Colombia and Venezuela), curuba colorada (Ecuador and Peru), fruta de conde or reina mora (Spanish Guiana and Surinam). In Trinidad and Tobago, it is sometimes called Spanish cherry. In Panama, the species is sometimes known as jocote de guana or jocote terronera.
Global mombin production
The Mombin tree is found in the tropical regions of South and Central America, as well as in the Caribbean. The fruit of the Mombin tree is round or oval and has green or yellowish-green skin. The flesh of the fruit is white, pink, or orange, and is juicy and sweet. The Mombin fruit is used to make juices, jams, and jellies.
The Mombin tree is cultivated in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The fruit of the Mombin tree is exported to other countries such as the United States, Europe, and Japan. The Mombin tree is found in the tropical regions of South and Central America, as well as in the Caribbean. The fruit of the Mombin tree is round or oval and has green or yellowish-green skin. The flesh of the fruit is white, pink, or orange, and is juicy and sweet. The Mombin fruit is used to make juices, jams, and jellies.
The global production of mombin fruit is expected to reach 1.5 million tonnes by 2020. The majority of this production will come from Brazil, which is projected to produce 1.2 million tonnes of mombin fruit by 2020. Other significant producers include Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
Mombin fruit is a popular ingredient in many regional cuisines. In Brazil, it is often used in desserts, while in Colombia it is commonly used in soups and stews. The fruit is also gaining popularity in other parts of the world as a natural sweetener and flavor enhancer. With its increasing global production and popularity, mombin fruit is expected to become an important commodity in the years to come.