Milkfish The milkfish, Chanos chanos, is a marine fish widely distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical waters of the world. It is also known as "Ibis" or "Bisugo". The milkfish has a long, slender body with a laterally compressed tail. This species lives in the pelagic zone. It is a fast and agile swimmer that uses its forked tail to form an S-shape while swimming.
Its common length is 2 ft (60 cm). A maximum size of about 4 ft (120 cm) or even 5 ft has been mentioned in some publications, but it seems likely only the largest specimens may attain such a size, has a length of about 3 ft (90 cm) is considered a much more likely maximum.
Milkfish have large eyes, a pointed snout with a terminal mouth, and cycloid scales. The body is silvery with an iridescent greenish-blue sheen that becomes more obvious after death. In larger specimens, the color can be a dark purplish. Milkfish has a large, powerful forked tail and a high dorsal fin with 13 to 15 spines and 12 to 13 soft rays. Milkfish can be distinguished from the similar-looking but unrelated striped mullet by their hallow vertebrae—striped mullets have solid vertebrae.
The milkfish is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical waters of the world, living pelagically in depths between 1-200 m (3.28 ft -656.2 inches). It inhabits coastal waters or lagoons with heavier salinity than those of open waters, and can also be found in estuaries. It adapts to captivity easily and has been artificially propagated since the early 1900s.
The milkfish is omnivorous, eating both liquid and solid food. Its liquid diet consists of planktonic organisms such as krill and small fish which it swallows whole due to its small gill rakers. Its solid diet consists of zooplankton and phytoplankton as well as benthic algae and small mollusks such as clams.
The milkfish is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical waters of the world, living pelagically in depths between 1-200 m (3.28 ft -656.2 inches). It inhabits coastal waters or lagoons with heavier salinity than those of open waters, and can also be found in estuaries. It adapts to captivity easily and has been artificially propagated since the early 1900s
Milkfish have no scales on their bodies, but they have a small scale at the base of their pectoral fins that are made into a venomous spine. They can use these spines as weapons against predators. Milkfish feed mostly on algae and invertebrates found mainly around reefs and lagoons. They also feed on mollusks, crustaceans, and smaller fishes (Bagarinao 1994). Milkfish reach a maximum size of around 12 inches and 1 pound in weight.
Global milkfish production
The milkfish is a tropical species of fish that is popular in aquaculture. The fish gets its name from the fact that it produces large amounts of milk-like substance when spawning. Milkfish are native to the Indo-Pacific region and have been introduced to other parts of the world, including the Caribbean Sea and the Eastern Atlantic Ocean.
The milkfish is an important food fish in the Indo-Pacific region. It is also popular in aquaculture, with farms in Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines being the major producers. Milkfish aquaculture first began in Taiwan in the early 1970s.
Global production of milkfish was estimated to be 1.42 million tonnes in 2013. The majority of milkfish are produced in Asia, with Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines being the top three producers.
Milkfish are typically harvested using net pens or cages. The fish are then transported to processing plants where they are gutted and filleted. The fillets are usually sold fresh or frozen.
Milkfish is a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. It is also low in mercury. The milkfish aquaculture industry is important to the economies of many countries in the Indo-Pacific region. Fish is also becoming increasingly popular in other parts of the world, such as the Caribbean Sea and the Eastern Atlantic Ocean.