Melon is the plant that belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family, it is also known under the scientific name Cucumis melo. It is a crawling annual plant. It has herbaceous stems covered with slight hairs and special nodes on which tendrils, leaves, and flowers grow. The plant produces leaves in each stem node, together with a tendril, which consists of an oval limb. The leaves are pentagonal or reinform shape and are usually divided into 3-7 lobes. It is indented edges and, just like the stem, is covered with hair on the upper side. The leaves are rough in touch.
The fruit produces round or elongated fruit that is yellow or green or sometimes of both colors. The color depends on the fruit variety. It is well known for its juicy, sweet flesh. The pulp is a great way to fight thirst. The fruit usually reaches up to 30 cm in diameter and weighs up to 2 kg. The pulp covers multiple yellow-rind pips. The season for this fruit begins from July to September, but the fruit is commonly available all over the year because many cultivars are available in greenhouses.
The fruit is usually consumed fresh as a sweet fruit or dessert. It is also used to prepare many snacks and dishes like salads. Melon is usually combined with various types of meat. Melon is also used to prepare various preservers such as jams, jellies, purees, yogurts, liquors, sherbets, and many others. The seeds are also consumed in a form of a snack, they are really popular in Africa. The seeds are also used to obtain oil and are used in illumination.
Melons are rich in water and carbohydrates. It is an excellent source of various vitamins and minerals. It is a laxative, depurative and diuretic. The fruit is used to treat constipation. The fruit is also recommended for people who suffer from kidney diseases, rheumatism, or gout. It is also a great fruit in a diet of people suffering from anemia, weakness, or during periods of convalescence.
The top global producer of melon is China with approximately 16009584 tonnes of fruit produced each year. The second-largest production of this fruit takes place in Turkey with 1854356 metric tonnes produced yearly. Turkey is followed by Iran and Egypt.