Melon is the plant that belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family, it is also known under the scientific name Cucumis melo. It is a crawling annual plant. It has herbaceous stems covered with slight hairs and special nodes on which tendrils, leaves, and flowers grow. The plant produces leaves in each stem node, together with a tendril, which consists of an oval limb. The leaves are pentagonal or reinform shape and are usually divided into 3-7 lobes. It is indented edges and, just like the stem, is covered with hair on the upper side. The leaves are rough in touch.
The fruit produces round or elongated fruit that is yellow or green or sometimes of both colors. The color depends on the fruit variety. It is well known for its juicy, sweet flesh. The pulp is a great way to fight thirst. The fruit usually reaches up to 30 cm in diameter and weighs up to 2 kg. The pulp covers multiple yellow-rind pips. The season for this fruit begins from July to September, but the fruit is commonly available all over the year because many cultivars are available in greenhouses.
The fruit is usually consumed fresh as a sweet fruit or dessert. It is also used to prepare many snacks and dishes like salads. Melon is usually combined with various types of meat. Melon is also used to prepare various preservers such as jams, jellies, purees, yogurts, liquors, sherbets, and many others. The seeds are also consumed in a form of a snack, they are really popular in Africa. The seeds are also used to obtain oil and are used in illumination.
Melons are rich in water and carbohydrates. It is an excellent source of various vitamins and minerals. It is a laxative, depurative and diuretic. The fruit is used to treat constipation. The fruit is also recommended for people who suffer from kidney diseases, rheumatism, or gout. It is also a great fruit in a diet of people suffering from anemia, weakness, or during periods of convalescence.
The top global producer of melon is China with approximately 16009584 tonnes of fruit produced each year. The second-largest production of this fruit takes place in Turkey with 1854356 metric tonnes produced yearly. Turkey is followed by Iran and Egypt.
Global melon production
In 2018, global melon production totaled 26.3 million metric tons (MT), up slightly from the previous year. The top producers of melons are China, Turkey, Iran, and the United States.
China is by far the largest producer of melons in the world, accounting for over half of global production. In 2018, China produced 14.1 million MT of melons, up from 13.9 million MT in 2017. Turkey is the second largest producer of melons, with 3.4 million MT in 2018, followed by Iran with 2.5 million MT and the United States with 1.7 million MT.
Other notable melon-producing countries include Spain, Mexico, Brazil, Egypt, and France. Together, these ten countries account for over 90% of global melon production.
The vast majority of melons grown around the world are watermelons. In 2018, global watermelon production totaled 23.8 million MT, up from 23.4 million MT in 2017. Other types of melons produced in smaller quantities include cantaloupes, honeydews, and casabas.
Watermelons are grown in virtually every country in the world that has a suitable climate. The top producers of watermelons are China, Turkey, Iran, Brazil, Russia, and the United States. Together, these six countries account for over 70% of global watermelon production.
Global melon production has been relatively stable in recent years, averaging 26 million MT per year from 2013 to 2018. Melon production is expected to continue to grow in the coming years as demand for fruit increases. The top exporting countries of melons are Brazil, China, Ecuador, Mexico, and the United States. Together, these five countries account for over 60% of global melon exports.