MatthiolaMatthiola, also known as stock or gillyflower, is a genus of flowering plants in the mustard family, Brassicaceae. The members of this genus are native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Many of the species within Matthiola are popular garden plants, due largely to their sweet fragrance.
The matthiola plant is a member of the brassica family, which also includes mustard, cabbage, and broccoli. It is an annual plant that grows to a height of 30-60 cm (12-24 inches). The leaves are oblong to lanceolate, and the flowers are white, yellow, or purple. The fruit is a silique, which is a long, thin pod that contains several small seeds. The matthiola plant is native to Europe and Asia, but it has been introduced to North America and other parts of the world.
The matthiola plant is cultivated for its flowers, which are used in bouquets and arrangements. The plants are also used as a green manure, and the seeds are sometimes used as a spice.
The matthiola plant is an annual plant that grows to a height of 30-60 cm (12-24 inches). The leaves are oblong to lanceolate, and the flowers are white, yellow, or purple. The fruit is a silique, which is a long, thin pod that contains several small seeds. The matthiola plant is native to Europe and Asia, but it has been introduced to North America and other parts of the world.
Matthiola plants are one of the most popular plants in home gardens. They are easy to grow and provide beautiful flowers in a wide range of colors. Matthiola plants need full sun and well-drained soil. They are drought tolerant and can be grown in poor soil as long as it is well-drained. Matthiola plants do not like wet feet, so make sure to plant them in a location that does not stay wet or soggy. Matthiola plants can be started from seed or transplanted from another location. If starting from seed, sow the seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. Transplant outside after the last frost date.
Space Matthiola plants 12-24 inches apart, depending on the size of the variety you are growing. Matthiola plants will bloom in late spring or early summer. Deadhead spent flowers to encourage more blooms. Matthiola plants are not very tolerant of salt, so if you live in an area with salty soil, it is best to grow them in containers.
Global matthiola production
Matthiola is a genus of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae. The group contains around 150 species, including the common sweet scented stock (M. incana), and the yellow-flowered London pride (M. lutea). Matthiola is annual or short-lived perennial herbs with four-petaled flowers arranged in racemes or corymbs. The flowers have a tubular base and two pairs of unequal wings. The fruit is a silique, which splits open at maturity to release the seeds.
Matthiola is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia. They are commonly cultivated as ornamental plants, and many hybrids and cultivars have been developed. The flowers are often used in floristry, and the oil from the seeds is used in perfumery.
Global production of Matthiola is estimated to be around 33,000 tonnes per year. The vast majority of this is grown in China, which produces around 30,000 tonnes annually. India is the second largest producer, with around 2,500 tonnes annually. Other significant producers include Iran, Italy, and Morocco.
Matthiola is popular as an ornamental plant, and many hybrids and cultivars have been developed for use in gardens. The flowers are often used in floristry, and the oil from the seeds is used in perfumery.