Kumquat is a genus of evergreen trees or shrubs that belongs to the Rutaceae family. It is commonly cultivated for the orange fruits it creates. Kumquat is native to eastern Asia, but the small tree is cultivated in all the regions of the subtropical climate.
The fruit most often is eaten fresh or used to make various kinds of preserves such as jams and jellies. They are also commonly candied especially in China, where it is a common sweet treat. In some regions of the United States, kumquat tree branches are used as Christmas decorations.
Kumquat is a plant that reaches up to 3.6 meters in height. It creates mainly thornless branches. It has characteristic foliage made of dark green, shiny leaves. The plant produces small clusters of white flowers clustered in the leaf axils. The flowers turn into orange-yellow fruits that are oval or round. The fruits reach up to 2.5 cm in diameter. The fruits are covered with soft, edible, pulpy skin. Their flesh is mildly acidy, sweet, and very juicy.
The commonly cultivated variety of this fruit is the Fortunella margarita also known as Nagami. It is native to China and characterized by yellow oval fruits that reach up to 3 cm in diameter. Another quite popular variety is Fortunella japonica, which, as the name suggests, is native to Japan. It produces small, round fruits that reach up to 2.5 cm in diameter. They are usually orange in color. The sweetest variety of kumquat is the Fortunella crassifolia. It is the most often cultivated variety of kumquat sold to consume fresh. Some hybrids have been also produced, especially in the United States. Kumquats were combined with limes, oranges, and many other citrus fruits in order to improve their overall taste and quality.
Kumquats are predominantly produced in China and the Philippines. They are consumed fresh as a whole with the skin or in a form of a sweet snack as candied fruits. They are also cultivated in North America, Africa, and the Greek island of Corfu. On a small scale, Kumquats are produced in France, especially the Toulon region. In colder months they are produced in Spain and occupy a prominent position in the french island l'île de La Réunion.
Global kumquat production
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, kumquats were grown on 5,898 hectares (14,620 acres) worldwide in 2005. The majority of kumquat production is found in China, which accounted for 5,500 hectares (13,600 acres) or 93% of the global total in 2005. Other major producers include Italy, Iran, and Japan.
The majority of kumquat production is located in Asia, with China being the top producer. In 2005, China produced 5,898 hectares (14,620 acres) of kumquats, accounting for 93% of the global total. Other major kumquat-producing countries include Italy, Iran, and Japan.
Kumquats are a small citrus fruit that originates from Asia. The majority of kumquats grown worldwide are found in China. In 2005, China accounted for 5,898 hectares (14,620 acres) of kumquat production or 93% of the global total. Other major kumquat-producing countries include Italy, Iran, and Japan.