Hoary Basil is a perennial herb used as an ornamental and aromatic. Its stems and leaves are covered with fine, soft hairs. It has small purple flowers on stalks that can grow 4-8 inches high. The longer the plant is left in direct sunlight, the more intense its color becomes due to the shrub's phototropism. This brunfelsiacea is indigenous to the United States and Mexico, but it can be found throughout the world due to its spread by birds and humans.
Hoary Basil uses its leaves as cover from predators such as deer, rabbits, raccoons, porcupines, and skunks. Hoary basil is so well suited to this type of environment that it can be found all over the United States in parks and backyards, in lawns, and in bushy areas. It is best suited for places with well-drained soil, but it will grow on average soil as long as there are no pools of water.
Hoary basil blooms from July through September. Its flowers are white and grow in clusters. It attracts butterflies, moths, and some species of wasps. Birds eat the seeds and help to disperse them.
Hoary Basil also goes by the names of Old Man, Silver Frost, Old Man Winter, and Silver Mound Flower. It is known as "basilica di San Giovanni Battista" in Italy and "kapoor kachri" in India. Hoary basil flowers are not usually used for medicinal purposes.
Hoary basil is considered to be an invasive species in some areas of the United States due to its rapid growth and ability to reproduce easily. It can out-compete native plants that provide important nutrients for wildlife, like the spotted salamander.
Hoary basil is a perennial plant that can be propagated by seed or stem cuttings. The seeds should be planted up to 3/8 inch deep in a shady place outdoors or in a container with a moist paper towel. The seeds can be harvested in 8 to 10 weeks. Cuttings should be planted outdoors, but they don't need to be covered with soil. The cuttings will take root in four to six months, and the plant will mature after seven years.
The brunfelsiacea is native to the United States and Mexico, but it can be found throughout the world due to its spread by birds or humans. Hoary basil uses its leaves as cover from predators such as deer, rabbits, raccoons, porcupines, and skunks. It thrives in well-drained soil conditions since it will not grow in pools of water or on average soil.
Global hoary basil production
In 2016, global production of hoary basil was estimated at 1,040 metric tons. The majority of this production took place in India, where an estimated 990 metric tons were grown. Other major producers included Nepal (50 metric tons) and Vietnam (0.5 metric tons).
Hoary basil is typically used as a culinary herb, though it also has a long history of use in traditional medicine. In India, the leaves of the plant are commonly used to flavor curries, soups, and other dishes. The essential oil of hoary basil is also used in a variety of cosmetics and perfumes.
While hoary basil is native to India, it is now grown in many other parts of the world. It is a popular herb in Thailand, where it is used to make a type of green curry paste. Hoary basil is also common in Vietnamese cuisine, where it is often used to flavor pho soups.