Guitarfish Guitarfish have a flattened forebody with pectoral fins fused to the sides of the head. The mind-body resembles that of a shark, with two dorsal fins and a well-developed caudal fin.
The skin is thick and tough on top but soft underneath; this has earned them the name "sandpaper fish." Skin color varies from dark gray to pale pink and is often mottled or spotted. Some guitarfish have yellow spots or bands. The tail is without a spine and the mouth lacks lower teeth and barbels. The guitarfish has been described as looking like a shark, but with the skin of an elephant; it also resembles an elongate.
The guitarfish can move its head and pectoral fins in all directions thanks to flexible joints, but it cannot swim backward. These fish are considered harmless to humans because their teeth are fused into a beak-like structure making it impossible to bite.
Guitarfish often bury themselves in the sand with only eyes and spiracles above the surface. They eat small fish and mollusks such as clams and oysters, which they crush using their tooth plates.
The genus Rhinobatos (the only genus in this family) was first described by Achille Valenciennes in 1817. The name comes from the Greek "rhinos" meaning nose and "batis" meaning a flatfish like the skate.
The guitarfish is similar in appearance to the closely related wedge fish, Rhinobatus (Rhinobatidae). The two families are distinguished by skeletal features and by tooth plates shaped differently.
Guitarfish typically have a single pair of rostral barbels anterior to the mouth, but sometimes form pairs of rostral barbels. They have no dorsal spines, with 18–21 soft dorsal rays and 15-17 anal soft rays.
Adult guitarfish are typically brownish in color with darker lateral stripes or mottling, although some individuals are uniform in color. The maximum size is 110 cm TL for the Atlantic guitarfish, Rhinobatos lentiginosus.
The Biology of Marine Fishes states that "Guitarfishes are generally found near reefs or in sandy flats, burying themselves in the sand with only their eyes and spiracles above the surface." They are considered "harmless to humans because their teeth are fused into a beak-like structure, which makes it impossible for the fish to bite."
Global guitarfish production
The guitarfish is a member of the ray family and is closely related to sharks. Guitarfish are found in warm, temperate, and tropical waters around the world. They are bottom-dwellers and prefer sandy or muddy areas.
Guitarfish are ovoviviparous, meaning that they retain the eggs inside their bodies until they hatch. The young are then born alive. Females give birth to anywhere from 2 to 20 young at a time.
Guitarfish are relatively small, reaching a maximum length of about 4 feet (1.2 meters). They have long, narrow bodies, and their heads are flattened. They get their name from the fact that their bodies resemble a cross between a guitar and a fish.
Guitarfish are not considered to be good eating, so they are mostly caught for their fins, which are used in the Asian market for shark fin soup. They are also sometimes used as bait. As a result of this pressure, guitarfish populations have declined in some areas. Guitarfish are harvested commercially for their meat, which is considered a delicacy in many parts of the world. They are also popular among recreational fishermen.
The global production of guitarfish is estimated to be about 200,000 tonnes per year. The majority of this catch comes from Asia, particularly China and India. Other significant producers include Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Guitarfish are an important food fish in many parts of the world. In Asia, they are often eaten dried, salted, or pickled. They are also popular ingredients in soups and stews.
The meat of guitarfish is high in protein and low in fat. It is also a good source of vitamins and minerals. Guitarfish are typically caught using gill nets, trawls, or longlines. They are also sometimes caught with hook and line. The global demand for guitarfish is expected to continue to grow in the coming years. This growth will be driven by the growing popularity of fish