Dorado Mahimahi is Hawaiian for the species Coryphaena hippurus, also known as dorado or dolphin fish in English. Mahi is a relatively small member of the billfish family and is commonly found 50-100 meters deep in tropical and subtropical waters. They are a common food fish in many cuisines and are often considered to be of high quality or "gourmet" status. In tropical parts of Central America, it is known as dorado and in some places as mahi katsu.
The mahi-mahi is a relatively small member of the billfish family, resembling a tuna or a dolphin fish. It has two long dorsal fins on the posterior half of its body and large pectoral fins on either side of its head. Its name comes from the dark stripes on the body that resemble a mahogany guitar. In addition, it is known for having a deep body and a large jaw filled with small, sharp teeth. Most of its upper body is colored blue-green or gold, while the belly ranges from white to silver. The mahi-mahi has been described as "light-bodied" and "delicate". However, it is not at all times moist.
The mahi-mahi commonly lives in tropical waters of 50–100 meters deep during the day. However, they occasionally enter coastal waters to a depth of 350 meters. They are found around oceanic islands particularly near Hawaii due to their warm surrounding currents. Mahi-mahi also tends to group around objects such as oil platforms, which is partly how they were discovered.
The mahi-mahi is considered a pelagic i.e. open sea species that live alongside other pelagic creatures such as tuna and dolphins. In the ocean, they have been known to form large schools made up of hundreds of fish. Since they are opportunistic feeders, mahi-mahi generally eats whatever is available to them, which can include yellowtail, mackerels, squid, and crustaceans.
Mahi-mahis have a dark stripe running down each side of their bodies which resemble "a mahogany guitar". It has two dorsal fins on its posterior half, each containing 13 to 14 rays.
Mahi-mahis have a forked caudal fin, which is large and lunate. Its anal fin contains three spines and 12-13 soft rays. They also have 16 to 20-gill rakers, 24 vertebrae, and 38 to 39 dorsal-fin rays.
Mahi-mahis are considered "light-bodied" fish. Their standard length range from 40 to 70 cm, with a maximum weight of 10 kg. From the posterior end of the pectoral fins until below the first or second dorsal fin is its distinguishing feature. It ranges in color from green to golden with a dark stripe along each side of its body.
Mahi-mahis are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. They are most commonly found near tropical islands or other countries that surround water that is 50–100 meters deep but can also be found near oil platforms. The greatest concentration of mahi-mahis is in the Pacific coastal waters of Costa Rica, Panama, and Ecuador.