Global decorative sunflower production
The world's production of decorative sunflowers is concentrated in a few countries. The top five producing countries – Russia, Ukraine, Argentina, China, and Turkey – account for more than 80% of the total output.
Russia is the leading producer of decorative sunflowers, with an annual output of around 1.5 million tonnes. This is followed by Ukraine (1.2 million tonnes), Argentina (800,000 tonnes), China (500,000 tonnes), and Turkey (200,000 tonnes).
The majority of the world's decorative sunflowers are grown for the cut flower industry. However, a significant proportion is also used for the production of sunflower oil and seeds.
Decorative sunflowers are typically grown under contract by farmers. The terms of the contract specify the type of sunflower to be grown, the quantity to be produced, and the price to be paid.
The cut flower industry is a major buyer of decorative sunflowers. Cut flowers are typically sold through wholesale markets or directly to florists. Sunflower growers typically sell their flowers to wholesalers, who in turn sell them to retailers.
The global market for decorative sunflowers is relatively fragmented. The leading producers are all based in countries with a large domestic market for sunflowers. As a result, they have little need to export their flowers.