CyclamenCyclamens typically have heart-shaped, glossy dark green leaves with light marbling. The flowers grow on stems that arise from the tuber and are held above the leaves. The flower has five petals, one of which is sometimes larger or frilled. The flowering season is autumn to spring depending on the species.
While most cyclamen species are resilient plants that can survive in a wide range of conditions, they are generally found in habitats that are moist and shady. Cyclamens prefer humus-rich, well-drained soils, and can tolerate full sun if given enough water. Cyclamens are propagated by seeds or offsets. Seeds germinate best at a temperature of 18–22 °C (64–72 °F). Most species grow best in partial shade.
Cyclamens are popular pot plants but have also been used in gardens as a groundcover or as accent plants. They can be grown from seed, but it is often easier to buy young plants. Cyclamens are generally not long-lived plants, but the pots can be replanted with new tubers every few years to keep them looking fresh. Cyclamens are susceptible to a range of diseases, including root rot, virus infections, and fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and botrytis. They are also attractive to aphids, slugs, and snails.
Cyclamen are among the most popular potted plants, and they're also relatively easy to produce. With a little care, you can have lovely blooms in your home for months. Cyclamen prefer bright, indirect light and cool temperatures. They will do best in a room with a north- or east-facing window. Water your cyclamen when the soil feels dry to the touch, but be careful not to overwater.
Allow the top inch or so of soil to dry out before watering again. Too much water can cause the plant's roots to rot. Cyclamen are relatively pest- and disease-free, but they can be susceptible to mealybugs and aphids. If you see any pests on your plant, treat them with a bar of insecticidal soap. Cyclamen are beautiful, long-blooming houseplants that will brighten up any room in your home. With a little care, you can enjoy their blooms for months.
Global cyclamen production
Cyclamen flower production is concentrated in a few key countries. Italy, Netherlands, and Israel are the top three producers, accounting for nearly 60% of the world's total output. Other major producers include Spain, France, and Germany.
Global cyclamen flower production has been steadily increasing in recent years. In 2013, global production was estimated at 9,800 metric tons, up from 9,200 metric tons in 2012. The majority of cyclamen flowers are produced for the cut flower market. However, a growing number of growers are producing potted plants and bulbs for sale to the home gardening market.
The future of the cyclamen flower industry looks promising. Global demand for cut flowers is expected to continue to grow, and the popularity of potted plants and bulbs is also on the rise. With proper marketing and production strategies, the cyclamen flower industry is poised for continued growth in the years to come.