Cranberry Cranberry, also known botanically as Vaccinium macrocarpon, is a petite shrub characterized by its short branches that reach up to 20 cm in length. It belongs to the Ericaceae family. The branches are trailing. The shrub creates little white flowers with reflexed petals. The flowers turn into round red conspicuous edible fruit also called cranberry. Cranberry's stem is covered with thick ovate leaves along its length.
Cranberry is extremely popular in the places where it is cultivated. It is usually used in cooking, like pie filling, and its juice is usually turned into many beverages, as well as used in sauces. It can be bought in both fresh and dried form as well as in many types of preserves and ready-made products. Cranberry is also associated with Christmas and Thanksgiving due to its traditional associations with the US and the Canadian Thanksgiving and Christmas meals.
The shrub grows naturally in temperate regions in open bogs, swamps, and along lakesides. It is widely cultivated and produced in the United States, Canada, and Chile. These three countries produce collectively almost 97% of the global total. Up to 687534 tonnes are produced there each year. Cranberry is a major crop in New Jersey, Washington, Oregon, and Massachusetts in the USA and Ontario, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, British Columbia, and New Brunswick in Canada.
These small red fruits offer a vast range of health benefits. It is an excellent source of vitamins and antioxidants. It was traditionally used as a treatment for diseases of bladder and kidney by Native Americans and then by Early settlers used the fruit to treat blood disorders, scurvy, stomach complaints, and poor appetite. Cranberry is a great source of many vitamins such as vitamin E, vitamin K, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B-6 as well as a powerful vitamin C which is a natural antioxidant. The fruit also contains quite a good amount of natural fiber that helps to prevent developing a range of conditions such as stroke, coronary disease obesity, or diabetes.
Global cranberry production
Cranberry production is concentrated in North America, Europe, and Asia. The top-producing countries of cranberries include the United States, Canada, Chile, and Poland. In the United States, Massachusetts and Wisconsin are the leading producers of cranberries.
In terms of global production, cranberries rank fourth among all berries. The total global production of cranberries was around 613 thousand metric tons in 2016. The United States is the leading producer of cranberries, accounting for around 71 percent of the world's total cranberry production. Canada is the second-largest producer of cranberries, with a production share of around 17 percent. Chile is the third-largest producer of cranberries, with a production share of around 6 percent. Other countries with significant cranberry production levels include Poland, Russia, and Sweden.
The United States is by far the leading global producer of cranberries. In 2016, the country produced around 431 thousand metric tons of cranberries, accounting for around 71 percent of the world's total cranberry production. Canada is the second-largest producer of cranberries, with a production share of around 17 percent. Chile is the third-largest producer of cranberries, with a production share of around 6 percent. Other countries with significant cranberry production levels include Poland, Russia, and Sweden.
The global cranberry industry is forecast to grow in the coming years. Cranberry production is expected to increase in North America and Europe, as well as in Asia. The total global production of cranberries is forecast to reach around 740 thousand metric tons by 2021. This would represent a compound annual growth rate of around 3 percent between 2016 and 2021.
The increasing popularity of cranberries and their health benefits is one of the key factors driving the growth of the cranberry industry. Cranberries are rich in antioxidants and have been linked to a number of health benefits, such as reducing the risk of urinary tract infections and heart disease. The growing demand for healthy food options is also expected to drive the growth of the cranberry industry in the coming years.