Courgette The most common name in North America for this plant is courgette. The name "zucchini" is also common, but some sources describe the latter as a type of courgette (the Italian kind).
Courgette comes from the French word for "marrow" or "zucchini". This article is about the plant, not the yellow summer squash. The French tend to refer to zucchini as "courgettes jaunes", meaning "yellow marrow" - because they are also yellow inside.
The fruit is usually prepared with its skin; you can use it whole or cut it into pieces. It's cooked in many ways: baked, fried, steamed, boiled, stuffed, sautéed, or even raw in some salads. Courgette is one of the most versatile vegetables around, so you can expect to find it on menus year-round.
Courgettes are typically grown on sturdy vines that can reach up to 9m (~30 feet) in length if they have something stable to attach themselves to. They grow well in warm climates and produce both male and female flowers, which means that you're going to get a courgette fruit whether you like it or not unless you remove the male flowers to prevent pollination.
The flower itself is edible but isn't very tasty because it's mostly made of water, so many chefs remove them from the courgette. The skin is also edible, but it's usually peeled to remove any toxins that may have built up in the skin during growth.
It's possible, however, to eat the skin without peeling it if it's organic and grown using natural fertilizers because there are no harmful chemicals present in its tissues.
Courgettes are great in sauces, soups, or pasta. You can slice them and pan-fry them with spices or they also make wonderful fritters when mixed with eggs, garlic, and plenty of cheese. It's normal for courgettes to be relatively large so you may need to cut them into slices so they fit inside the pan. You can even roast them with eggplants or aubergines. Ingredients for this courgette/zucchini omelet recipe are pretty standard: eggs, spices, and some vegetables to add some color and flavor.
Global courgette production
Global production of courgettes was estimated at 26.4 million tonnes, with China accounting for the majority of production (11.8 million tonnes). Other major producers include Turkey (2.9 million tonnes), Egypt (2.1 million tonnes), and Italy (1.6 million tonnes). The United States is a significant importer of courgettes, importing close to 1 billion pounds in 2016.
In terms of global trade, Italy is the leading exporter of courgettes, followed by Spain and Egypt. The United States is the leading importer of courgettes, followed by Canada and Mexico.
The top producing countries of courgettes in the world are:
5. The United States
Courgette is a summer squash of the species Cucurbita pepo. It can be dark or light green, and sometimes yellow or orange. The plant grows to about 2-3 m in length with large, lobed leaves. The fruit is eaten when it is still young and has a delicate flavor. Courgette is a popular ingredient in Mediterranean cuisine, where it is used in dishes such as ratatouille and pasta primavera.