Cotton Cotton is a plant that belongs to the Gossypium genus of the Malvaceae family. It is similar to hollyhock, okra, and hibiscus, as they all belong to the same family. It is often a shrubby plant that has broad three-lobed leaves. Its seeds are covered with white fluffy fiber which is easily spun. As the plant dries, the fibers naturally flatten and twist. Cotton occurs in many different species, but Gossypium hirsutism and Gossypium barbadense are two the most widely cultivated ones.
The plant is of tropical origins but is successfully cultivated in temperate climates. It requires lots of water that's why it grows best in climates with well-distributed rainfall. Almost all cotton grown commercially requires irrigation. It is cultivated in all regions of the temperate climate, across the United States, Europe, and Asia. The major production takes place in the United States, China, India, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Australia, Egypt, Brazil, Turkey, and Greece.
Cotton is usually cultivated from seeds which then produce leaves and a deeply grounded root system. The highly developed root system allows the plant to acquire soil nutrients that are crucial for plant growth. When the plant starts growing, it produces many nods on the main stem. Next, the nodes turn into fruiting branches which then bear the cotton fruit. The leaves are essential to provide carbohydrate energy which additionally aids the growing process via photosynthesis. Cotton creates pink flowers which then fade and drop off leaving the fruit covered with white or creamy fibers.
The fibers are used in the textile industry, as a first step in the production of various kinds of textiles. It is turned into yarns and then woven or knitted into fabric. Its use has a long tradition in the clothing industry. The clothes made of cotton are moisture-absorbent, they are durable and have a good drape. The variety of cotton products is extremely wide and differentiated.
The largest production of cotton takes place in China, India, and the United States. Which are the top 3 world’s cotton producers. Cotton production has been reduced in previous years due to soil depletion and social and economic changes, and acres of fields used to grow cotton are currently used for crops such as wheat, corn, or soybeans.