Brassica juncea Brassica juncea, also known under common names as chinese mustard, indian mustard, oriental mustard, or brown mustard, is a plant of the Brassicaceae family. It is a perennial herb usually cultivated as a biennial or annual crop. It can reach up to 1 m in height and its branches are long and erected. Its leaves are usually green with a slight whitish bloom. They are usually ovate with characteristic toothed, frilled edges.
It is believed to be native to Asia (northwest India) as well as China, Burma, and Iran. It is widely cultivated in many areas of Euroasia. The largest production takes place in Central Africa, China, India, Nepal, Japan, Pakistan, Bangladesh as well as some parts of southern Russia. It is quite a popular crop and is cultivated in many regions of subtropical and temperate climates.
The leaves of brown mustard are usually used in their raw form and added to various kinds of salads and fresh dishes. Older leaves are usually canned, cooked, or added to potherbs. It is a great addition to ham, soups, stews, and pork. Even though it is an edible plant, mustard is widely cultivated for its seeds that contain lots of essential oil and condiment. Mustard oil is an important part of Indian cuisine. It is often used as a substitute for olive oil and used in the production of cosmetics, lubricants, and hair oils. In low amounts, the oil helps to cease fermentation so it is sometimes added to fresh apple cider. The residue made of the seeds is used in the production of fertilizers as well as animal feed.
Undeniably Brassica Juncea is one of the most nutritious plants. It is low in calories and is a great source of fiber and nutrients. It contains various important minerals such as iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, selenium, and phosphorus as well as vitamins (especially vitamins of the B group). It is also a good source of folate. What is more interesting, cooked mustard is a rich source of vitamins A, K but is lower in vitamins C and E.
Thanks to all important nutrients and elements the plant may help with many diseases and improve overall health. It is believed to boost naturally immunology, improve the condition of the eyes and the heart. It contains lots of important antioxidants that help to cleanse the body, protect against various diseases as well as indicate anticancer effects.