BouvardiaThe Bouvardia is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. The genus is named after French naturalist and explorer Louis Antoine François Bouvard de Prony (1729-1793). The approximately 20 species are native to Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies.
Bouvardias are evergreen or semi-evergreen shrubs or small trees. The leaves are opposite, simple, and entire. The flowers are borne in terminal clusters and have 4 petals. The fruit is a drupe.
Bouvardias are used as ornamental plants. They are also used in traditional medicine. Some species are grown as food crops. Bouvardia species are found in tropical and subtropical regions. They grow in moist, shady habitats. Some species are adapted to dry conditions. Bouvardias are propagated by seed or cuttings. They are susceptible to fungal diseases.
The genus Bouvardia is a member of the Rubiaceae family and contains approximately 30 species of shrubs and trees. The majority of these species are native to Mexico, with a few found in Central America, the Caribbean, and South America. A handful of species have been introduced to other parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, and Europe.
Bouvardia species are typically characterized by their opposite leaves and small, four-petaled flowers. The flowers are usually white or pink in color, although some species may have orange or red flowers. Bouvardias are generally considered to be ornamental plants, and they are often used in cut flower arrangements.
Several species of Bouvardia are commercially important, including B. longiflora, which is native to Mexico. This species is widely cultivated for its large, showy flowers, which are often used in cut flower arrangements. B. longiflora is also the source of a number of commercially available cultivars, including 'Bouvida', 'Floribunda', and 'Rosea'.
Another commercially important species is B. ternifolia, which is native to Mexico and Central America. This species is cultivated for its small, white flowers, which are often used in corsages and boutonnieres. A number of cultivars of B. ternifolia are available, including 'Alba', 'Bianca', and 'Lilacina'.
Global bouvardia production
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the total global production of Bouvardia was estimated at 1,890 tonnes in 2013. The majority of this production was concentrated in a few countries, with Mexico accounting for around 45% of the total. Other major producing countries include Guatemala (15%), Ecuador (9%), Peru (8%), and the United States (6%).
The FAO estimates that the total global area under cultivation of Bouvardia was around 3,700 hectares in 2013. Mexico is by far the largest producer of Bouvardia, with an estimated 1,700 hectares under cultivation. Other major producing countries include Guatemala (500 hectares), Ecuador (400 hectares), Peru (200 hectares), and the United States (100 hectares).
The majority of Bouvardia is cultivated for the cut flower industry. In 2013, it was estimated that around 1,600 tonnes of Bouvardia were used for this purpose. Mexico is the largest producer of Bouvardia for the cut flower industry, with an estimated 1,200 tonnes grown for this purpose. Other major producing countries include Guatemala (200 tonnes), Ecuador (100 tonnes), Peru (50 tonnes), and the United States (20 tonnes).