BouvardiaThe Bouvardia is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. The genus is named after French naturalist and explorer Louis Antoine François Bouvard de Prony (1729-1793). The approximately 20 species are native to Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies.
Bouvardias are evergreen or semi-evergreen shrubs or small trees. The leaves are opposite, simple, and entire. The flowers are borne in terminal clusters and have 4 petals. The fruit is a drupe.
Bouvardias are used as ornamental plants. They are also used in traditional medicine. Some species are grown as food crops. Bouvardia species are found in tropical and subtropical regions. They grow in moist, shady habitats. Some species are adapted to dry conditions. Bouvardias are propagated by seed or cuttings. They are susceptible to fungal diseases.
The genus Bouvardia is a member of the Rubiaceae family and contains approximately 30 species of shrubs and trees. The majority of these species are native to Mexico, with a few found in Central America, the Caribbean, and South America. A handful of species have been introduced to other parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, and Europe.
Bouvardia species are typically characterized by their opposite leaves and small, four-petaled flowers. The flowers are usually white or pink in color, although some species may have orange or red flowers. Bouvardias are generally considered to be ornamental plants, and they are often used in cut flower arrangements.
Several species of Bouvardia are commercially important, including B. longiflora, which is native to Mexico. This species is widely cultivated for its large, showy flowers, which are often used in cut flower arrangements. B. longiflora is also the source of a number of commercially available cultivars, including 'Bouvida', 'Floribunda', and 'Rosea'.
Another commercially important species is B. ternifolia, which is native to Mexico and Central America. This species is cultivated for its small, white flowers, which are often used in corsages and boutonnieres. A number of cultivars of B. ternifolia are available, including 'Alba', 'Bianca', and 'Lilacina'.