Atlantic Pomfret Rays BreamThe atlantic pomfret (Brama brama) is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a member of the family Bramidae. It is found in the western Atlantic Ocean where it occurs from Canada to Argentina, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. This species is also found in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, from Senegal to Angola. The atlantic pomfret is a demersal fish which lives close to the seabed over areas of sand, gravel or shell. It is found at depths between 10 and 1,000 metres (33 and 3,281 ft).
The atlantic pomfret, also known as the ray's bream, is a species of marine ray-finned fish. It is found in the western Atlantic Ocean from Nova Scotia to Florida. The atlantic pomfret is a small fish, reaching a maximum length of only 30 cm (12 in). It is a silver-colored fish with a deeply compressed body.
The atlantic pomfret is found in offshore waters at depths of 30–200 m (100–660 ft). It is a pelagic fish, meaning that it spends its life in the open water column, rather than close to the bottom. The atlantic pomfret is an important commercial fish species. It is caught using trawls and gillnets, and is typically sold fresh or frozen. The atlantic pomfret is a popular food fish in many parts of the world, and its flesh is considered to be of high quality.
This species can reach a maximum known length of 90 centimetres (35 in), although a more common length is 50 centimetres (20 in). The atlantic pomfret has a deeply compressed and elongated body. The head and mouth are small, the latter containing sharp teeth. There are no scales on the body, which is instead covered by small, smooth skin. The first dorsal fin has 7-9 soft rays and originates over the latter half of the length of the second anal fin. The second dorsal and anal fins are both shorter than the first, with the former having 8-10 soft rays and the latter 6-8. The pectoral fins are long and reach beyond the start of the pelvic fins in some larger individuals.
The caudal peduncle is very long and slender. This species is dark blue, almost black, on the upperparts of the body, fading to pale blue or white on the flanks and ventral surface. There are usually no markings on the body. Juveniles have a conspicuous row of large spots along their flanks.
The atlantic pomfret is a migratory species which forms large shoals. These fish are oviparous and spawn in mid-water. The larvae are planktonic. This species is an important commercial fish and is caught using purse seines, trawls and longlines. It is marketed fresh, frozen and dried-salted. It is popular in Chinese cuisine.3
Global atlantic pomfret (ray's bream) production
Global production of Atlantic pomfret totaled 231,890 metric tons in 2016. China was the leading producer of Atlantic pomfret, accounting for over 80 percent of global production. Other leading producers included India, Vietnam, and Thailand.
In 2016, global exports of Atlantic pomfret totaled 48,872 metric tons, valued at $481 million. China was the leading exporter of Atlantic pomfret, accounting for over 60 percent of global exports. Other leading exporters included India, Thailand, and Vietnam.
The United States was the leading importer of Atlantic pomfret in 2016, importing 16,858 metric tons, valued at $166 million. Other leading importers included Hong Kong, Japan, and Singapore. Global production of Atlantic pomfret is forecast to grow in the coming years, reaching 260,000 metric tons by 2021. Growth will be driven by rising demand from China and other Asian countries.