Arum flower Arum is a type of flower that occurs in a wide selection of types and species all over the world. It is characterized by its arrow-shaped leaves. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region, western and central Asia, Europe, and northern Africa. It is also known under the common name arum lily.
Arum is a perennial plant that grows up to 60 cm tall with characteristic, shiny leaves that can be up to 55 cm long. It creates colorful flowers in a spadix. The flowers are available in a vast selection of colors such as white, brown, purple, or yellow. Depending on the species, the flowers can be scented or not scented. The flower turns into a fruit that resembles a cluster of red to orange berries.
The main purpose of the plant is its ornamental function. It is a great plant to decorate gardens, parks, or other outdoor objects. It is easily grown in a wide pot. The plant should be watered in the colder months (until May) and left dry in summer. Arum prefers moist, well-drained soils and likes warm temperatures. It requires rich soils and frequent fertilizing. It occurs in wild in the Mediterranean region, however, its natural habit has been significantly reduced as a result of urban development.
The plant is toxic and cannot be consumed. All parts of the plant contain calcium oxalate which can produce numbing on ingestion and sores or even be fatal.
Anthurium also belongs to the arum family and is often grown as houseplants.
Global arum production
Global production of arum flowers has increased steadily in recent years, reaching a record high of 9.3 million tonnes in 2017. The majority of arum flower production takes place in Asia, with China, India, and Indonesia being the top three producing countries. Together, these three countries account for around 80% of global arum flower production.
Other major arum flower-producing countries include Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Arum flowers are also grown in Africa, Europe, and North America, although on a much smaller scale than in Asia.
The huge increase in global arum flower production in recent years is due to the growing popularity of flowers as decoration for weddings and other events. Arum flowers are very popular in Asia, where they are often used in traditional ceremonies and celebrations.
Despite the increasing popularity of arum flowers, global production is still far behind that of other ornamental flowers such as roses and chrysanthemums. This is due to the fact that arum flowers are more difficult to cultivate and harvest than other types of flowers.