Agriculture in San MarinoSan Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino, is a microstate surrounded by Italy. Its size is just over 61 km2 (24 mi2) with an estimated population of over 33,000. Its capital is the City of San Marino and its largest settlement is Dogana. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe. The country takes its name from Saint Marinus, a Christian stonemason who fled the Roman persecution of Christians in his native Rome and founded San Marino in 301 A.D.
San Marino is governed by the Constitution of San Marino (1962), a series of six books that are codified into constitutional law. The country is considered to have the oldest written constitution (still in effect) in the world. This constitution was created during a period of great turmoil in Sammarinese history. It was written out by a group of wealthy citizens known as the "Six Captains of the Night" in response to French Revolutionary troops threatening San Marino in 1797.
San Marino is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). It has been a full member of the European Union since 2007. San Marino is classified as a "very high human development" country by the United NationsHuman Development Index, with a life expectancy of 83.4 years. It is ranked 29th in the world in terms of GDP (PPP) per capita.
San Marino is located in Southern Europe, and its landscape is characterized by rugged mountains and hills. The highest point in the country is Monte Titano, which reaches an elevation of 749 meters (2,457 feet). The climate of San Marino is the Mediterranean, with mild winters and warm summers. The country experiences significant amounts of rainfall, especially in the spring and autumn.
San Marino is home to a number of interesting attractions, including the Three Towers of San Marino, which are located on the three peaks of Monte Titano. The towers, which were built in the 11th century, are now a symbol of the country and are listed as a World Heritage Site. Another popular tourist destination is the City of San Marino, which is the capital of the country. The city is home to a number of historic buildings and monuments, as well as a number of museums and galleries.
San Marino is home to a great deal of biodiversity. The country has a wide variety of plant and animal life, including many rare and endangered species. San Marino is also home to some of the world's most unique ecosystems, such as the Montefeltro forest and the Valle de Casali protected area. These areas are home to a variety of plant and animal species, including many rare and endangered species.
The government of San Marino is committed to protecting the country's biodiversity. The country has a number of laws and regulations in place to protect its natural resources. In addition, the government has created several protected areas, such as the Montefeltro Forest and the Valle de Casali protected area, to help preserve the country's biodiversity.
San Marino has a thriving economy that is based largely on tourism and finance. The country is home to a number of banks and financial institutions, as well as a number of businesses in the tourism and hospitality sectors.
The Sammarinese government has worked hard to create an attractive business environment, and this has helped to attract foreign investment into the country. The government has also introduced a number of tax incentives and other measures to encourage economic growth.
San Marino is a member of the European Union, and this membership gives the country access to the EU's single market. The country is also a member of the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
San Marino's agricultural sector is relatively small, accounting for just 2.1% of GDP in 2017. However, it remains an important part of the country's economy and workforce. Around 12% of the population is employed in agriculture, forestry, and fishing.
San Marino's main agricultural products are wheat, maize, tomatoes, olives, grapes, livestock, and dairy products. The country is also a significant producer of honey and lavender.
San Marino's climate is favorable for agriculture, with warm summers and mild winters. However, the country's mountainous terrain means that only around 10% of the land is suitable for farming. This has led to a high level of reliance on imported food, with over 80% of the country's food needs being met by imports in 2017.
The government of San Marino provides financial support to the agricultural sector through a range of subsidies and tax breaks. It also operates a number of programs to promote sustainable agriculture and protect the environment. These include initiatives to reduce pesticide use, promote organic farming, and protect the country's forests.
The culture of San Marino is strongly influenced by its Italian neighbors, as well as its Roman Catholic heritage. However, the country does have its own unique traditions, art, and cuisine.
San Marino's traditional music includes a type of folk song called the canto a stornello. This type of song is typically about love or nature and is often accompanied by a guitar. San Marino also has its own traditional dance, called the trescone. This dance is danced in a circle and involves clapping and stomping in time to the music.
San Marino's cuisine is also strongly influenced by Italy. Pasta and pizza are staples, and the country even has its own type of pasta, called Sammarinese pasta. Other popular dishes include polenta (cornmeal mush), stews, and baked goods such as biscuits and cakes.
San Marino's art scene is small but vibrant. The country is home to several museums, including the San Marino National Museum, which houses a collection of art and artifacts from the country's history. There are also several art galleries in San Marino, showcasing the work of both local and international artists.
San Marino is a predominantly Roman Catholic country, with approximately two-thirds of the population professing that faith. There are also small numbers of Protestants, Muslims, and Jews. The Constitution of San Marino guarantees freedom of religion.
As of 2011, the Catholic Church was the largest religious denomination in San Marino. Approximately 66.7% of the country's residents were Catholic, while 2.1% were Muslim. Protestants made up 1.2% of the population, and those professing no religion or other faiths comprised 29.9%.
The Catholic Church has been the state religion of San Marino since the country's founding in 301 AD. The first Bishop of San Marino was Marinus, who was sent by Pope Julius I. San Marino has two Catholic cathedrals, the Cathedral of San Marino and the Metropolitan Cathedral of San Marino. The country also has a mosque, which opened in 2006.
The Jewish community in San Marino is very small, numbering only around 50 people as of 2011. There is only one synagogue in the country, located in the capital city of San Marino.
Islam is also a minority religion in San Marino, with only around 2% of the population professing that faith. The Muslim community in San Marino is mostly made up of immigrants from other countries, particularly Albania and Morocco. There is only one mosque in San Marino, located in the capital city of San Marino.
San Marino is not a member of the European Union, but it is a full member of the Council of Europe. As such, it is required to uphold the European Convention on Human Rights, which guarantees freedom of religion. This right is enshrined in Article 9 of the convention.
The government of San Marino generally respects freedom of religion, and there have been no reports of religious persecution or discrimination. However, in October 2010 the government banned the construction of minarets on mosques. This ban was overturned by a referendum in March 2011.