Agriculture and farming in North Korea

North Korea

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Agriculture in North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. Pyongyang is both the nation's capital as well as its largest city. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. North Korea shares a land border with only two other countries: Pakistan to the southwest and Tajikistan to the southeast. North Korea has an area of 120,540 square kilometers (46,541 sq mi). Its borders have a total length of 1,673 kilometers (1,041 mi) and its coastline is 2,495 kilometers (1,547 mi) long. North Korea is the 96th largest country in the world by land area. North Korea's landscape consists mostly of mountains and hills, separated from South Korea by the Korean Demilitarized Zone. The northern part of the peninsula is characterized by mountains and ridges, while the southern and western parts are mostly lower in elevation. The highest mountain is Paektu-san (known to Koreans as Mt Baekdu), a volcanic mountain on the border with China which is also the country's highest point at 2,744 meters (9,003 ft). The coast is mostly lined with mountains. The longest river is the Amnok River which flows for 790 kilometers through the country. Other large rivers include the Tumen River, Yalu River, and Taedong River. Lake Chongjin is the largest lake. North Korea has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. Spring generally lasts from late April to mid-June, summer from July to mid-September, autumn from September to November, and winter from November to March. Summer tends to be the hottest and wettest season, while winter is usually the coldest and driest. The climate varies depending on location, with the coastal areas usually cooler than the inland mountains. The average annual temperature across North Korea is 5.2 °C (41.4 °F). Precipitation varies widely from year to year and follows a similar pattern to that of neighboring countries such as China and Japan. There are frequent floods in some parts of the country, most commonly in the spring. Typhoons also occasionally hit North Korea, usually between July and September. The North Korean landscape is a varied and beautiful one, with mountains, rivers, forests, and fields all contributing to its unique look. Despite being relatively small in size, North Korea boasts an incredible range of landscapes and scenery. One of the most striking features of the North Korean landscape is the vast array of mountains that cover the country. The highest point in North Korea is Mount Paektu, which stands at an impressive 9,000 feet. The mountains of North Korea are not only beautiful but also play an important role in the country's history and culture. Many of North Korea's most famous landmarks and tourist attractions are located in or near the mountains. The rivers of North Korea are another important part of the country's landscape. The most well-known river in North Korea is the Yalu River, which forms the border between North Korea and China. The Yalu River is one of the busiest waterways in North Korea and is used for both transportation and recreation. Other notable rivers in North Korea include the Taedong River, which runs through Pyongyang, and the Amnok River, which forms the border between North Korea and Russia. The forests of North Korea are some of the most beautiful in the world. The forests are home to a wide variety of plant and animal life, and they provide an important source of timber for the country. North Korea's forests are also an important recreational resource, with many hiking and camping opportunities available. The fields of North Korea are another important part of the country's landscape. The fields are used for a variety of purposes, including agriculture, forestry, and recreation. North Korea's fields are some of the most productive in the world, and they play a vital role in the country's economy. The North Korean economy is one of the most centrally planned and isolated in the world. However, since 2002, small-scale reforms have begun to take place, and the country now relies heavily on foreign aid to survive. The economy is still highly centralized, with the government controlling all major industries. The main source of income for the government is from exports of minerals and other natural resources. Manufacturing is limited to a few key industries, such as textiles and military equipment. The majority of the population lives in rural areas and relies on subsistence farming to survive. The average per capita income is estimated to be less than $1,000, making North Korea one of the poorest countries in the world. Sanctions imposed by the United States and other countries have further limited North Korea's ability to develop its economy. In recent years, there have been some reports of economic growth, but it is difficult to verify these claims. The North Korean government has shown little interest in reform and instead continues to focus on maintaining its grip on power. This has led to a further deterioration of the country's economy and living conditions for its citizens. North Korea's agricultural sector is one of the most important in the country. The sector accounts for around 20% of North Korea's GDP and employs nearly 60% of the country's workforce. North Korean agriculture is characterized by small farms, collective farms, and state-owned enterprises. The majority of North Korea's arable land is located in the mountainous northern provinces, where the climate is cooler and rainfall is more abundant. Most of North Korea's agricultural production takes place on small, privately-owned farms. These farms typically measure between 0.5 and 2 hectares (1-5 acres) in size and are worked by families or groups of friends. The government provides these farmers with seeds, fertilizer, and other inputs, but they are responsible for producing their own food and selling any surplus on the open market. Collective farms are a key part of North Korea's agricultural system. These large-scale farms are typically owned by the state or by cooperatives, and they produce crops for both the domestic market and export. Collective farms typically measure between 10 and 100 hectares (25-250 acres) in size, and they use modern equipment and techniques to maximize production. State-owned enterprises also play a role in North Korea's agricultural sector. These enterprises are typically responsible for processing and marketing agricultural products, and they often have close ties to the military or the government. North Korea's population is about 25 million people, making it the 104th most populous country in the world. The majority of the population is ethnic Korean, but there are also small numbers of Chinese, Japanese, and other ethnic groups. North Korea is a very homogeneous society; over 90% of the population shares the same ethnicity and language. North Korea is a highly centralized state, and the government controls many aspects of citizens' lives. The country has a single-party system and the ruling party, the Workers' Party of Korea, is the only party allowed to hold power. The government controls the media and restricts freedom of expression. Citizens are not free to travel outside the country, and North Korea has one of the world's lowest rates of internet penetration. The population of North Korea is aging, and the country has a low birthrate. The life expectancy for men is 64 years and for women is 69 years. The infant mortality rate is 24 per 1,000 live births. The total fertility rate is 2.2 children per woman. The majority of the population lives in rural areas, and the urban population is concentrated in a few cities, including the capital, Pyongyang. The literacy rate is 99%. The official language is Korean, but Chinese and Russian are also spoken. Religion is not an important part of daily life for most North Koreans. The government officially recognizes Buddhism, Christianity, and Confucianism, but freedom of religion is not guaranteed. The average life expectancy in North Korea is 64 years for men and 69 years for women. The infant mortality rate is 24 per 1,000 live births. The total fertility rate is 2.2 children per woman. North Korea is a country with a long and rich history. The country's culture has been shaped by its geography, climate, and its people. North Korea is home to a number of ancient temples and palaces, as well as many other historical sites. The North Korean people are known for their traditional music and dance, as well as their traditional food. North Korea is also home to a number of national parks, which are popular tourist destinations. North Korea has a number of different religions, including Christianity, Buddhism, and Confucianism. However, the majority of the population is atheists.

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